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Создание диска для сброса пароля локальной учетной записи в Windows 10

Если вы используете в Windows 10 локальную учетную запись, вам следует как можно раньше создать диск для сброса пароля на основе USB-устройства флэш-памяти. Сделав это, вы сможете сбросить пароль, если забудете его. Если вы будете откладывать это до тех пор, пока не забудете пароль, станет слишком поздно. Если вы используете Windows 10 версии 1803, вы можете добавить контрольные вопросы для локальной учетной записи, чтобы сбросить пароль, если вы забудете его. При этом вам не потребуется создавать диск для сброса пароля. Для этого нажмите кнопку Пуск и выберите Параметры > Параметры входа > Обновить контрольные вопросы.

Обязательно войдите с помощью своей локальной учетной записи. Выполнить эту процедуру с помощью учетных записей Майкрософт (подключенных) не удастся.

Вставьте в компьютер USB-устройство флэш-памяти. Несмотря на то что при создании диска для сброса пароля USB-устройство флэш-памяти не переформатируется, перед продолжением нужно создать резервные копии данных, хранящихся на этом устройстве.

В поле поиска на панели задач введите создать диск для сброса пароля, а затем из списка результатов выберите Создать диск для сброса пароля.

В мастере «Забыли пароль» нажмите кнопку Далее. Выберите USB-устройство флэш-памяти и нажмите Далее.

Введите текущий пароль и нажмите кнопку Далее. После завершения работы мастера нажмите кнопку Готово.

Извлеките USB-устройство флэш-памяти и сохраните его в надежном месте. Обратите внимание, что вам не нужно создавать новый диск, если вы измените пароль (даже если это произойдет несколько раз).

How Do I Create a Windows Password Reset Disk?

Recover from a lost password in Windows 10, 8, 7, Vista, and XP

A Windows password reset disk is a specially created disk or USB flash drive that restores access to Windows if you’ve forgotten your password. It’s a useful step to take if you tend to forget your password, and it’s easy to create; all you need is a USB flash drive or disk.

These procedures work for Windows 10, 8 and 8.1, 7, Vista, and XP.

If you’ve already forgotten your password, and you have not yet created a password reset disk, you’ll need to find another way to get back into Windows.

How to Make a Windows Password Reset Disk

Create a password reset disk using the Forgotten Password Wizard in Windows. The specific steps necessary to create a password reset disk varies depending on which version of Windows you’re using.

With Windows 10 and Windows 8, Microsoft allowed the linking of a user account to a Microsoft Account, rather than relying on local-only accounts. If your account is connected to your online Microsoft Account, you can simply reset or change your password online. You only need a password reset disk if your account is local-only—which, for most home users, is not the default.

You need to know your Microsoft account password in order to reset your Windows 10 or Windows 8 password. If you have forgotten it, you’ll need to reset your Microsoft account password first.

  • In Windows 10 and Windows 8, launch the Power User Menu by pressing Win+X.
  • For Windows 7 and older versions of Windows, click the Start menu and then click Control Panel.

Click User Accounts if you’re using Windows Vista, or Windows XP.

Windows 8 and Windows 7 users should pick the User Accounts and Family Safety link.

For Windows 10, just type password reset disk in the Search box at the top of the Windows Settings screen—Microsoft has hidden this utility in recent versions of Windows 10. Then skip to Step 5.

If you’re viewing the Large icons or Small icons view, or the Classic View of Control Panel you won’t see this link. Instead, find and open the User Accounts icon and proceed to Step 4.

Select the User Accounts link. Before you proceed, obtain a flash drive or a floppy disk drive and blank floppy disk. You will not be able to create a Windows password reset disk on a CD, DVD, or external hard drive.

In the task pane on the left, choose the Create a password reset disk link.

Windows XP only: You won’t see that link if you’re using Windows XP. Instead, choose your account from the «or pick an account to change» section at the bottom of the User Accounts screen. Then, click the Prevent a forgotten password link from the left pane. If you get a «No Drive» warning message, you do not have a floppy disk or USB flash drive connected.

When the Forgotten Password Wizard window appears, click Next.

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In the I want to create a password key disk in the following drive drop-down box, choose the portable media drive on which to create a Windows password reset disk. You will only see a selection menu here if you have more than one compatible device attached. If you have just one, you’ll be told the drive letter of that device, and that it will be used to create the reset disk.

Click Next.

With the disk or other media still in the drive, enter your current account password in the text box and click Next. If you’ve already used this floppy disk or flash drive as a different password reset tool for a different user account or computer, you’ll be asked if you want to overwrite the existing disk. See Tip 5 below to learn how to use the same media for multiple password reset disks.

When the progress indicator shows 100 percent complete, click Next and then click Finish in the next window.

Remove the flash drive or floppy disk from your computer. Label the disk or flash drive to identify what it’s for, like «Windows 10 Password Reset» or «Windows 7 Reset Disk,» and store it in a safe place.

You only need to create a password reset disk for your Windows login password once. No matter how many times you change your password, this disk will always allow you to create a new one.

While a password reset disk will certainly come in handy if you ever forget your password, anyone who possesses this disk will be able to access your Windows account at any time, even if you change your password.

Password Reset Disks for Other User Accounts

A Windows password reset disk is only valid for the user account that it was created for. You can’t create a reset disk for a different user on a different computer or use one password reset disk on another account that may be on the same computer. Each account you want to protect will have to have its own password reset disk. You can, however, use the same floppy disk or flash drive as the password reset disk on any number of user accounts. When Windows resets a password using the reset disk, it looks for the password backup file (userkey.psw) that’s at the root of the drive, so make sure that you store other reset files in a different folder.

For example, you can keep the userkey.psw file for a user called «Amy» in a folder called «Amy Password Reset Disk,» and another one for «Jon» in a separate folder. When it’s time to reset the password for the «Jon» account, just use a different (working) computer to move the PSW file out of the «Jon» folder and into the root of the floppy disk or flash drive so that Windows can read from the right one.

It doesn’t matter how many folders you keep password backup files in or how many are on a single disk. However, because you must never change the file name (userkey) or file extension (.psw), they have to be stored in separate folders to avoid a name collision.

Forgotten Passwords and No Recovery Disk Available

If you’ve forgotten your Windows password, you won’t be able to create a password reset disk. There are, however, several things you can do to try to get in. If there are multiple users with accounts on the computer, you could have another user reset the password for you. Try one of several ways to find lost Windows passwords.

Change or reset your Windows password

If you forgot or lost your password for Windows 10, Windows 8.1, or Windows 7, you may be able to change or reset it. To get started, choose your version of Windows from the Select Product Version drop-down menu.

If you already know your current password and want to change it

Select Start > Settings > Accounts > Sign-in options . Under Password, select the Change button and follow the steps.

Reset your Windows 10 local account password

If you’ve forgotten or lost your Windows 10 password for a local account and need to sign back in to your device, the below options might help you get up and running. For more info on local standard vs. administrative accounts, see Create a local user or administrator account in Windows 10.

Windows 10 version 1803 and later

If you added security questions when you set up your local account for Windows 10, then you have at least version 1803 and you can answer security questions to sign back in.

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After you’ve entered an incorrect password:

Select the Reset password link on the sign-in screen. If you use a PIN instead, see PIN sign-in issues. If you’re using a work device that’s on a network, you may not see an option to reset your password or PIN. In that case, contact your administrator.

Note: If you don’t see security questions after you select the Reset password link, make sure your device name isn’t the same as your local user account name (the name you see when you sign in). To see your device name, right-click Start in the taskbar, select System, andscroll to the Device specifications section. If the device name is the same as your account name, you can create a new administrator account, sign in as an administrator, and then rename your PC (when you view your device name, you can also rename it).

Answer your security questions.

Enter a new password.

Sign in as usual with the new password.

Windows 10 before version 1803

For versions of Windows 10 earlier than 1803, local account passwords can’t be reset because there are no security questions. You can reset your device to choose a new password, however this option will permanently delete your data, programs, and settings. If you’ve backed up your files you’ll be able to restore your deleted files. For more information, see Recovery options in Windows 10.
To reset your device, which will delete data, programs, and settings:

Press the Shift key while you select the Power button > Restart in the lower-right corner of the screen.

On the Choose an option screen, select Troubleshoot > Reset this PC.

Select Remove everything.

Warning: Resetting your device will permanently delete data, programs, and settings.

Reset your Microsoft account password you use to sign in to your computer

On the sign-in screen, type your Microsoft account name if it’s not already displayed. If there are multiple accounts on the computer, choose the one you want to reset. Below the password text box, select I forgot my password. Follow the steps to reset your password.

Troubleshoot problems signing in

If you’re still having trouble signing to your account, see more solutions in Troubleshoot problems signing in.

Reset your password

Note: If you’ve forgotten your Windows 10 password, see Reset your Windows 10 local account password.

If you’ve forgotten your Windows 8.1 password, there are several ways to retrieve or reset it:

If your PC is on a domain, your system administrator must reset your password.

If you’re using a Microsoft account, you can reset your password online. For more info, see How to reset your Microsoft account password.

If you’re using a local account, use your password hint as a reminder.

If you still can’t sign in, you must reinstall Windows. For Windows RT 8.1, contact your PC manufacturer.

More help with passwords in Windows 8.1

If you forget or lose your password, see Reset your password above to reset or recover it.

If you think your Microsoft account password has been compromised or stolen by someone with malicious intent, we can help. For more info, see When you can’t sign in to your Microsoft account.

If you’re signing in to only your local PC, yes. However, we recommend that you keep your PC more secure by using a strong password. When you use a password, only someone who knows it can sign in. If you want to sign in to Windows with a Microsoft account, a password is required. For more info, see Can I sign in to Windows without a password? To learn more about Microsoft accounts and local accounts, see Create a user account.

Stronger passwords contain a variety of characters, including uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and symbols or spaces. A strong password should also be something that is difficult for a stranger to guess or crack. It shouldn’t contain a complete word, or easy-to-find details like your real name, your user name, or your birth date.

If you’re signing in to a Microsoft account, your password is limited to 16 characters. For more info about Microsoft accounts, see Create a user account.

You can update your password regularly to keep it more secure. If your PC isn’t connected to a domain, follow these steps:

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Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap Settings, and then tap Change PC settings.
(If you’re using a mouse, point to the lower-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer up, click Settings, and then click Change PC settings.)

Tap or click Accounts, and then tap or click Sign-in options.

Tap or click Change your password and follow the instructions.

If your PC is connected to a domain, your system administrator might manage how frequently you must change your password. To do so, choose one of the following:

If you’re using a keyboard, press Ctrl+Alt+Delete, tap or click Change a password, and follow the instructions.

If you’re using a tablet, press and hold the Windows button, press the power button, and then tap or click Change a password and follow the instructions.

It depends on whether you’re using a third-party email address. If your email address ends in outlook.com, hotmail.com, live.com, or another Microsoft service, changing the password for your Microsoft account also changes it for that email service.

But you can use any email address for your Microsoft account, even an email address from a third-party web-based mail service like Google Mail or Yahoo! Mail. When you choose a password for your Microsoft account, it doesn’t change the password you might need to use to sign in to web mail on a third-party site.

Create a picture password to sign in with gestures instead of by entering characters.

Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap Settings, and then tap Change PC settings.
(If you’re using a mouse, point to the lower-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer up, click Settings, and then click Change PC settings.)

Tap or click Accounts, and then tap or click Sign-in options.

Under Picture password, tap or click Add, and then follow the instructions.

When you choose a password for your user account, it’s important to pick something you can remember. You’re going to need it again later!

Of course, you can also write your password down and keep it in a safe place. Taped to the underside of your laptop or the inside of your desk drawer is probably not a good idea, however. If you do write your password down, be sure to keep it separate from your PC.

For added security, use different passwords for different purposes. For example, it’s a good idea to keep distinctly different passwords for a social networking account and your online bank account.

If you do forget or lose your password, there are still several things you can try to reset or recover it. For more info, see Reset your password above to reset or recover it.

Reset your password

My computer is on a domain

Select the Start button , select Control Panel, select User Accounts, select User Accounts, and then select Manage User Accounts. If you’re prompted for an administrator password or confirmation, type the password or provide confirmation.

On the Users tab, under Users for this computer, select the user account name, and then select Reset Password.

Type the new password, confirm the new password, and then select OK.

My computer is in a workgroup

If you type the wrong password when you attempt to log on, Windows displays a message that the password is incorrect. Select OK to close the message.

Select Reset password, and then insert your password reset disk or USB flash drive.

Follow the steps in the Password Reset wizard to create a new password.

Log on with the new password. If you forget your password again, you can use the same password reset disk. You don’t need to make a new one.

Note: If an administrator resets your password, you might lose access to some of your files.

Change your password

Press Ctrl+ Alt+ Delete, and then select Change a password.

Type your old password followed by a new password as indicated, and then type the new password again to confirm it.

Note: If you are logged on as an administrator, you can create and change passwords for all user accounts on the computer.

Warning: If you use an administrator account to change a password for another account, any encrypted files or e mail messages for that other account will no longer be accessible to the person who was using that account.

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